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What are some signs of a leaking bathroom? 

Some signs that can warn you of a leaking bathroom are that there can be stains at the base of the bathroom. Also, you can spot some mould growth at the back of the shower wall. And if your bathroom is situated on the upper floors, then mould growth and chipping paint can be spotted at the ceiling and walls of the floor below too.

How to stop leakage of water in all the wet areas? 

Waterproofing is the way to stop leakage in all the wet areas. Waterproofing is a process of applying chemicals to stop the leakage of water. It is done in spa, pools, toilets, bathrooms, laundries, etc. 

Can you elicit the process of waterproofing?

To waterproof a surface, first, clean it. There should not be any dust or fungi, etc. Secondly, apply primer over the surface. Next, apply bond breaker in the internal corners and joints, etc. Lastly, apply two coats of waterproofing membrane, both at 90 Degrees to each other. Once the second coat also dries, you are done with the work. 

How will not doing waterproofing affect the building structure? 

If waterproofing is not done, then water can infiltrate into the walls. And sometimes this can cause irreversible damages. Like, it can rust the steel angles inside the structure of your building, damaging the beams. The water can even decay the roof deck. Thus, the waterproofing is essential.  

Is it OK if I render the wall instead of waterproofing it? 

No, it is not OK to render a wall instead of waterproofing it. Whatever method you do must prevent the water leakage and moisture buildup 100%. While rendering can’t achieve that target. But waterproofing can. Thus, rendering a wall cannot work instead of waterproofing. 

Why is the primer used during waterproofing? 

A primer helps in getting the surface ready for waterproofing. First of all, it traps dust and other contaminants like fungi, etc. It also controls porosity and reduces the pin holding problem. Lastly, and most importantly, it inhibits the moisture from reaching the membrane. And if moisture reaches the membrane, it can cause blistering in it, which can cause a waterproofing failure. 

Is primer necessary? 

Yes, primer is essential. As if you do not apply the primer, it can void the manufacturer’s warranty. Primers can be applied over any substrate. But applying them over waterproofing membrane is not required. Because they are non-absorbent and applying primer over them would be useless.  

Can you explain the concept of efflorescence? 

All types of cement contain Calcium Hydroxide salt. And when water enters the structure, this calcium hydroxide salt surfaces. On surfacing, it reacts with carbon-di-oxide of the air. On reaction with air, it forms the hazy white substance that we commonly call efflorescence. It is calcium carbonate salt. 

Is there a way to differentiate between efflorescence and discolouration? 

To do the task, simply do an easy test. Simply wet the surface. If the faded colour disappears and the vivid colours are visible again. Then, it is efflorescence. Otherwise, it is discolouration. It is more prominently visible on darker shades. 

What effect does efflorescence have on my walls? 

Efflorescence can weaken the structure of the walls and thus result in the compromised structural integrity of the walls. 

Which types of pool tiles are available in the market? 

Pool tiles come in many varieties. Like, porcelain, mosaic, ceramic, glass, and stone. The tiles come in a variety of colour, size, and price variations. There are also texture variations. One should choose tiles that are not too smooth that it slips and not too rough that it bruises. 

Can you differentiate between porcelain and ceramic tile? 

The first difference between ceramic and porcelain tiles is their manufacturing process. The manufacturing process of porcelain is such that they are more durable. Porcelain tiles are denser. Thus they are more challenging to mount too. Porcelain is more water-resistant and stain-resistant. Porcelain tiles’ design spreads across the whole tile, but ceramic tiles have a glaze at the top, which gives it its colour. 

Can you suggest a way to make my swimming pool more colourful? 

The mosaic tiles are an easy option to give your pool a colourful touch. Mosaic tiles are a combination of various tiles- ceramic, porcelain, stone, glass, etc. All combined to create a pattern. Due to this factor, they can match the décor of any place. Also, these mosaic tiles come laid on a sheet. Thus, they are easy to mount too. 

Can you explain the process of tiling a swimming pool wall? 

To tile a swimming pool, first, free the surface from any dust or oil or fungi etc. Next, if the swimming pool is already painted, then sand all the paint. And if the pool is brand new, then allow the concrete shell to dry for at least six weeks. And if it has a cementitious rendering, then let it cure for at least three weeks. After all the surface preparation, apply primer, adhesive, and lay tiles. Also, remember to use a water replacement. 

Can household ceramic tile be used as pool tiles?

No, they cannot be. Pool tiles are very sturdy and durable. They are made such that, they can withstand exposure to sunlight, constant contact with water, change in temperature, and contact with chemicals like chlorine. In contrast, household ceramic tiles are not made for such conditions. Thus, household ceramic tiles are not usable in pools. 

What is a glazed ceramic tile? 

Glaze in a glazed ceramic tile is a covering layer of liquid glass over ceramic or porcelain tiles. This glaze gives the tiles there sheen and colour. And since glass is very non-absorbent, it makes the tiles very water-resistant and stain-resistant.  

What do you mean by a porcelain tile? 

A porcelain tile is a very sturdy and durable tile. It is made of clay and unique minerals that are baked at 1200 Degree Celsius. Since porcelain tiles made with good quality raw materials and baked at such high temperatures, thus they are very sturdy. They are dense, water-resistant, stain-resistant, and great for high traffic usage. 

Which one should I use for high traffic area, Porcelain or Ceramic? 

Durability differentiates between ceramic and porcelain. Porcelain tiles are made more durable than most ceramic tiles. Depending on the quality, they can be used for bathroom floors, partitions, and rest of the house. But they can only be used in the house, and other places meant for low traffic. But porcelain tiles are made for high traffic and industrial and commercial use. 

Which tile should I use for my bathroom floor? 

Any tile that you use for your bathroom floor must have less water absorption. Thus, porcelain, stone, vinyl are good options for your bathroom floor. But stone tile needs a bit of maintenance in the form of sealant every few years. Also, if you want to go for ceramic tiles, use glazed ceramic tiles. Even they look good and are OK with water-absorption criteria. 

Can you tell me the process of laying tiles? 

To lay tiles, first, you need to perform waterproofing over the surface if the area is susceptible to contact with water. Next, you need to do levelling or screeding of the surface. Once levelling is done, butter the floor or wall with adhesive and lay tiles. While laying tiles, leave spaces between the tiles. Later fill grout in them. Also, if required, apply a sealant over the tiles. 

Can you explain what tile adhesive is? 

A tile adhesive is as the name describes an adhesive used for sticking tiles to the surface beneath. There are two types of tile adhesives- premixed paste and cement-based mixture. So, which one of the two will be used depends upon many factors like the type of tile- ceramic, stone, or porcelain, etc. Also, factors like the area of the tile, the substrate, humidity, and temperature, etc. 

What do you mean a polymer-modified adhesive? 

Polymer modified adhesive is used when you want to lay dense tiles like porcelain and other vitrified tiles. Adding polymer to the adhesive, increases the water-resistance, flexibility, and bond strength of the adhesive. After adding polymers, the adhesive can better react with the tiles and substrate and form stronger bonds. 

Why is cement required in a tile adhesive? 

Cement bonds with sand in the presence of water. This bond extends itself into the substrate and the tile, thus joining them. Also, the ratio of the amount of sand, cement, and water is the key to making good bonds. Little less or little more of any of these can ruin the bonding. 

What do you mean by an additive?

Additives are added to grout and adhesive. They are performance enhancers. They serve many purposes, and depending on why you are using them. They can increase bond strength and flexural strength. It can also decrease efflorescence. Lastly, they also help in increasing water-resistance and stain-resistance. 

What is the concept of movement joints? 

Movement joints are those grout joints that are left empty and are not filled by grout. This is done so that excess tile floor movement can be accommodated for. Since these joints are left empty to accommodate movement, thus they are called movement joints. They are of two types- Field and Perimeter Movement Joints. 

What do you mean by field movement joints? 

Field movement joints are those movement joints that extend from wall-to-wall. Although they are movement joints and are left empty, these are sometimes filled with caulking. 

What do you mean by perimeter movement joints?

Perimeter movement joints run along the walls of the room. They are left empty. Since they run along the perimeter of the room, they are called perimeter movement joints. 

What is better for tiles, grout joints or butt joints?

Grout joints are preferred for tiles over butt joints. The most important reason is that grout joints can handle compressive stress created by tile movement. Grout joints have soft grout filled within the joints which can take the stress, but butt joints have no such arrangement. Also, grout joints act as ‘vents’ for the adhesive to cure.  

Can I tile over my existing tile shower? 

Yes, you can retile over the existing tiles of your tile shower. But you must make sure that the old tiles are spotless and free of any contaminants like fungi, mould, or mildew. Also, the tiles should not be broken or leaking from anywhere. If both of these conditions are fulfilled, then you can easily coat with the new tiles. 

What should I prefer for my shower, matte tiles or glossy tiles? 

Well, that depends on your personal choice. But matte tiles are preferred because they do not leave watermarks or smudges. Also, they are low maintenance. Lastly, glossy tiles sometimes give a dramatic effect which may or may not be likeable by you. 

What can be the reason for my shower leakage? 

If you are observing a leakage in your tile shower, then it can be from a missing grout somewhere. You need to check the whole of the grout after and before it is dampened. If you find even a small grout missing, then that may be the reason for your problem. Yes, even a small grout can cause leakage. 

Is it possible to paint over my old tiles? 

Yes, it is possible to paint over your old tiles. You must use epoxy paint to cover your old tiles. Also, take care that grout should not be painted. Thus, use masking tape over the grout before you start painting. 

Why should I choose Wagga Wagga tiling? 

Wagga Wagga Tiling is a respected and reputed firm of Wagga Wagga’s tiling and waterproofing industry. Honesty, quality, and passion are the three pillars on which our company stands. We assure you that there will be no nasty surprises at any point during service. Also, we give the best workmanship quality with an eye to detail. And lastly, we work with new energy and passion for every new project and deliver only the best to you.